What comes in your mind when you hear a word ladybug, lady beetle, or ladybird? A red color insect with black color spotted in the body? Well, most people will say so and that answer is referred to seven-spotted ladybug which is more popular than the others.
But do you know that actually there are many different types of ladybugs and they have different colors and spots too? Ladybugs family is indeed tremendous. There are around 5000 species of them and more than 450 species can be found in North America.
California Ladybug (Coccinella californica)
California Ladybug is quite similar to a seven-spotted ladybug that has very dome-shaped elytra. Hence sometimes people are mistaken their type since it has no spots except the one at the junction of elytra.
But the spot is so small. Moreover, the markings in the pronotum are almost the same with seven-spotted too. No wonder in the first see, people rarely able to tell their type properly. Usually, their color is a red-orange and a bit smaller than seven-spotted ladybug.
Asian Ladybug (Harmonia axyridis)
Asian ladybugs are famous as the species who like to bite the most. This one is well-known as multicolored Asian Lady Beetle. Also, they have a lot of name in all over the world such as Japanese ladybird, Harlequin ladybird, Pumpkin ladybird, and Halloween ladybug.
They come originally from Asian as the name implies. But you can also found it in the United State too. They are a common type In North America. During winter season you can find them easily inside the house since they like to move to warm places.
Their sizes are relatively larger as the other types. In general, they can be found in many colors such as orange, red, and yellow. Also, they have five black spots on their body. You can also find a white segment across their heads with black markings.
Seven-Spotted Ladybug (Coccinella septempunctata)
This type is the most popular and common in Europe. In the United States, they are mostly introduced and known as the pest control since the larvae and adult are a voracious predator of aphids and some other pest.
Because of their popularity, seven-spotted ladybug is used for many kid accessories and present how ladybug looks like in people idea. They have a dome-shaped and round body. Their elytra are red and have in total seven black spot. Also, there are two white spots on their head.
Convergent Ladybug (Hippodamia convergens)
Aside from seven-spotted ladybug, this type is also well-known as pest control and often used by farmers to protect their farms. It is the most common beneficial species in North America. It has oval body in orange or yellow with black spots.
Its length is about four to seven mm and it has zero to thirteen spots in total. People call them as convergent ladybug because they have a pair of white convergent dashes on its pronotum. You can find them easily on the farm and variety of corps during springtime and summertime.
Twenty-Spotted Ladybug (Psyllobora vigintimaculata)
Aphids are the famous food that feeds by ladybug. But this type is a little bit different, it feeds mildew. It has mandibles that lined with rake-like rows of small teeth to collect the food. It’s only 2 to 3 mm in size and can be found in North America from Alaska to Mexico.
Three-Banded Ladybug (Coccinella trifasciata)
You can recognize this species of ladybug easily by their three large black bands on the pale orange or orange elytra which like a tiger. This one is not a common species so it is rarely be found or seen in the garden. Most of them can be found in Canada and the United States.
Two-Spotted Ladybug (Adalia bipunctata)
It is a carnivorous beetle as well as a cannibalistic. It is often found in West Europe and used in greenhouses or field as biological control of pests. You can acknowledge them facilely by their reddish-orange body with two spots.
Thirteen-Spotted Ladybug (Hippodamia tredecimpunctata)
Mostly thirteen-spotted ladybug has red or orange color with thirteen black or dark spots. Therefore their name is thirteen-spotted. Their adult generally has dome-shaped backs and sometimes oval, antennae, and short shiny legs.
Eye-Spotted Ladybug (Anatis mali)
Eye-spotted ladybug is frequently found in pine trees. It has a spot in the body that look like eyes (a black spot encircled within a yellow ring). The eye spots are useful as a defense mechanism from predators.
Spotless Ladybug (Cycloneda munda)
Just like the name, spotless ladybug doesn’t have any spot in its body. Cycloneda munda has a quite similar shape with spotless Asian Ladybug; hence people are sometimes mistaken of them. The main difference of them is on the pattern of their head and pronotum.
Even though ladybugs are beneficial insects, there are so many people killing their larvae necessarily each year because there are so many different types of ladybugs. So knowing some of their types might be a benefit especially if you’re a farmer.